Category Archives: RESEARCH – SUBCULTURE

Final scrip design references

For my final design scrip I researched on this websites to come up with the right information and images to add on my “magazine design” means that photos attached on my inside cover design are not my photos.






Creative Review magazine examples

I bough one of the creative review magazines and it’s seems to give u a lot of information about any particular of design and whats going on about art. It also shows you the layout how its form and created in each column giving a space and a short descriptions on images as references.

On the first image it’s the front cover from the Creative Review and it shows as the brand of the magazine by giving also detail of when was issued and what the magazine it’s going to talk about.

In every Creative Review front cover image it’s always in the middle of the cover or sometimes there is a image hidden the Creative Review name  as you can see on the last image that I took it from the main creative review website by showing a list of front covers in different concepts.

The second picture it’s an example of adding more images than a body text and if you can notice it has a structure where everything it’s on its place and giving the space of each image with the reference under the image.

On the third picture you can see that the heading it’s not always at the top of an image it can be placed under an image by giving a bold font heading to stand out the article.

I have notice that columns can be alone with no lines correcting or seems like a separation column but in creative review there is always a line of separation in each column means to not confuse people reading all together so it can be notice that is separate information.

Fourth image it has a huge view including the image means that there is more body text than the other page and what I like about this page it’s that space is giving in the middle of the body text with a black bold font to introduce the article. Here is a difference than other body text meaning using the first letter of a writing like as you see on the letter “L” with a orange square.

Fifth and sixth picture are a continue page and I love the fact that the information are in both sides of the image giving a space to the sides using the same orange square box in the letter “I”.

For the last image seems to be use a larger font creating a big space with small information images which gives an easy way to understand and visualize.


I have snapshot this image from the Creative Review website to show a variety of front covers where it shows that “Creative Review” can be changed the colour font but not the actual font. It also gives the attention that it’s not only using an art, photograph, or a thing, means that can be produced in a variety of things.

Book – Making and braking a grid for a magazine cover and inside cover

These are some examples that I would like to work on for my front cover and inside cover design.

There is different styles of magazines layouts having space and columns between the image and the script which gives an spread information and the easy way to read.

Internet – Magazine cover and inside cover examples

I have chose two different inside cover designs from the internet which attracted me to it even though it’s different than Creative Review but I liked the way its settle and spread the columns with the images.

For example the first image I like how its giving a dark background colour with a low tone of colour at the same time allowing to match the image.

On the second image this template it more brighter using white, pink and black colour which match for a punk design.

There is also including the columns along the middle spaces with an introductory and image on the side which stands out and gives detail to it.

I like the idea how it does suit all together and shows a bit of everything containing image, illustration and words.,r:9,s:0,i:96&tx=86&ty=107

Magazine – Magazine cover and inside cover examples

I choose this magazine because it gave me a few examples as you see on the first image gives us the attention from a background image and the brand of the magazine which I choose because I will be doing for a rock/punk subculture so I wanted to see the differences layouts and colours in it.

So most of the magazine inside pages are dark colours because its obvious for a “rock magazine” like the second pages are gray background with white font that gives a similar to the photograph which suits together but it’s kind of blend.

For the third image is an image where is a text wrap with a small image in the middle of the body text with a larger photograph along the side of the page like on the fourth page is kind of similar as the previous one but this one is using a coloured title font.

Last picture is a coloured photo where its located on the left side of the page and gives a whole information in the right side of the page with a small image and a letter “T” with the body text allowing to introduce the whole text in specific side.


PUNK magazine covers from museum


These are some of the 70’s Punk cover book and magazines where I took from the London exhibition 2 years ago and I saved them in case if I need it.
As you can see those covers are particular different but using a bright colour as the PUNK and ClASH books where it does shows like a “shouting” using a bright pink colour and a black font.

Which mean this covers are simple but attracted by their colour like the “Clash black font” it seems like the Font is printed along with the small stripes underneath the printed font with the artist and song information.

On the first “image” magazine front cover its a different old version technique where designers produce a scarp and cut papers in a kind of “messy” layout with black and white images along the information and using a black bold font, using a cut out letter for “Sex Pistols” which is a rebel and aggressive band.

For the “RIPPED & TORN” magazine cover has a large bold font handwritten along with the black and white photo attached with hand written on top of the image giving a space as “text wrap” with the information on the left side.

Punk history

Back in the days in eighteens the word punk was mentioned as something not fashioned, punk rock started to play out with no musical or vocal instruction because they didn’t know the rules of music so they were able to break the rules of a state of mind and attitude.

Dada it’s a French word, a Nihilistic movement in the arts that started in France, Switzerland, and Germany from about 1916 to about 1920.

Punk was influenced by “DADA” because they where based to deliberate irrationality, anarchy, and cynicism and the rejection of laws of beauty and social organization.

This means that Punk was reasonable to understand the appropriate meaning about Dada, which means that it’s not art, it was “anti-art”.

Art was considered to be traditional aesthetics but Dada represented the opposite that use to ignore aesthetics which means if art was to appeal to sensibilities, Dada was to intend to offend.

There was also a rejection of traditional culture and aesthetics, the Dadaists hoped to destroy traditional culture and aesthetics.

There where many stylistic influences in the 50’s to 60’s for example like:

Ramones was a bunch of bored teenagers who use to hang out and watched bands at clubs and they where commonly recognized as the first punk band.

They started to played together for a short time and then they hit the scene in 1974 but their music was to much faster, louder and rebellious, that they where taking the music that influenced them.

The Ramones inspired many bands, such as The Clash and the Sex Pistols.

A punk rock reject usually possesses the stereotypical qualities of being a skater or emo (is a dark style of rock music and its associated subculture), and in very rare occasions, prep & goth. All in all, a punk rock reject is NOT a prep OR goth, but a punk.

This two genres “progressive rocks and glam rock” it form one mix of attitude by choosing parts of each genre to become a punk.

Progressive rock music is a form of rock music that evolved in the early 70s as part of a mostly British people who attempt to elevate rock music to new levels of artistic credibility.

Progressive rocks where based in additionally, the arrangements often incorporated elements drawn from classical, jazz, and world music. Instrumentals were common, while songs with lyrics were sometimes conceptual, abstract, or based in fantasy. Progressive rock bands sometimes used concept albums that made unified statements, usually telling an epic story or tackling a grand overarching theme.

It’s a style of English rock music from the early 1970s aswell, distinguished by male performers who wore makeup and feminine style clothing with bouncy beat and lyrics. These artists of early period glam rock were not only known for their elaborate costumes and references to sexuality but also frequently for taking on themes, and not cautionary tales, about drug use.

England’s punk scene had political and economic roots. The economy in the United Kingdom was in poor shape, and unemployment rates were at an all-time high. England’s youth were angry, rebellious and out of work. They had strong opinions and a lot of free time.

This is where the beginnings of punk fashion as we know it emerged, and they centered out of one shop. The shop was simply called SEX, and it was owned by Malcolm McClaren.

British punks were mostly unemployed and facing a lagging economy. Their anger was exemplified by such songs as the Sex Pistols’ “No Future” and the Clash’s “London’s Burning.” The bitterness expressed in British songs was offensively noise.

The New Yorkers expressed anger and frustration as well, but their themes were more concerned with the arts and literature. While the Sex Pistols named themselves Johnny Rotten and Sid Vicious, Tom Verlaine paid homage to his literary influences.

The British were more apocalyptic, attempting to be a historical with such declarations as the Sex Pistols’ “No Future.” New York punks researched history and borrowed from the fertile building ground American rock’n’roll had left behind.

During the 1970s, nearly 3.5 million manufacturing jobs were lost.

This trend was also reflected in a shift in Great Britain’s economic base, which has benefited the southeast, southwest, and Midlands regions of the country, while the north of England and Northern Ireland have been hard hit by the changing economy.

The economic problems led labor unions to demand higher wages, and crippling strikes, such as the coal strike of 1972-73, plagued the nation. The Labour Party lost membership, and many voters turned to the Liberals, the Conservatives, or the various nationalist parties.

The three day week was a conservative Government 1970 to conserve electricity due industrial action by coal miners. It means that electricity was affected for commercial users of electricity that would be a limited to three specified consecutive days of each week from working longer hours on those days.

Great British also was in trouble with the economy by high rates of inflation.

This means that there was a cap of pay rises that’s why they had wages struggling to keep pace with prices.

In Notting Hill in 1977 was the year of punk rock explosion when the musical movements rise.

Also the Clash associate Don Letts was the regular DJ (spinning old US garage punk and Jamaican dub) and EMI’s ‘Live at the Roxy’ album even reached number 17 in 1977.

Linder sterling spent her adolescence and most of her adult life in Manchester. She studied art at Manchester Polytechnic from 1974-1977.

Her work was unique and radical as the artist herself in roots of punk.

In addition to visual art, Linder was devoted herself to performance art, which includes photography, film, print and artefact. Centred around the themes of outsiderdom, religious non-conformism, ecstatic states and female divinity/sainthood.—The-People–The-Places-And-The-Music

Internet – Punk magazine cover in the 60’s


Punk Magazine, Issue 1 featuring Lou Reed, 1976Table of contents, Punk Magazine, Issue 1, January 1976

Roberta Bayley (photographer), Article on the Ramones, Punk Magazine, Issue 3, April 1976

This are some Punk magazine cover and inside cover examples where it does shows a drawing “sketck” and black and white photography which mean back in the days they didn’t have the tools as we do know but their magazine covers was very creative by that time as showing a rough image and illustration as you can see on the first image it’s a drawing of Romanos using a dark colour and the way how they use to wear as a band.

On the second image you see there’s two different layout in a same page with different contrast as using a black and white photograph.

As there is some illustrated drawing s which gives an orange colour to stand out the image from a cover so most of their front cover magazines where used black or red and rarely other colours.

The fourth image gives the contents from an inside cover magazine and its literally wrote with pen  and I guess its been measured to have it in a good scaled area and again is used with black colour.

Then again on the last image its containing an information using tight columns along the images and giving a right structure around the writting.

Skinheads presentation

Skinhead culture was in the late 60s in the UK, when the ‘Hard mods’ began to relate to ‘Rudeboys’, young immigrants who brought their musical roots of Ska and Reggae. In his early bands were just urban working-class neighborhoods, where there were usually people of color, who shared his taste for Ska rhythms, sound black and anti-hippy ideology.

Aesthetics: Skin head (similar to black steel-toed boots and suspenders in analogy to the worker), etc. They were very young and their ranks swelled trepidantemente, until violence came to football. Became famous fights between supporters of different teams, and these daily clashes eventually mobilize the police, judges, and civil society, who made a circle so narrow that ended drowning.

Many skins ended up in prison, others left the movement, and the older they became ‘Suedeheads’, a light version that allowed them to survive in anonymity. A mid 70’s Ska bequeaths an explosion, which together with the birth of Punk and Oi would give a new impetus to the Skinhead movement.

Subculture example images stories

Back in the 70s young people manifested their opposition to the dominant social-cultural order. As they argued, youth subcultures enter into struggle with the dominant order, and indeed, they  seek to modify, negotiate, resist or even overthrow its reign  its hegemony. All youth subcultural phenomena, whether in the realm of style mods, scooters, teddy boys, punks, rockers, hippies, etc or of action as riots, hooliganism can be read as “symbolic”, “displaced” manifestations of the class struggle and the contradictions of capitalism’.

Here are some examples of different subcultures styles.

Rocker (subculture), a British subculture originating in the 1950s/1960s. Rockers, individuals or bands who perform rock music.


goth fashion


The goth subculture has associated tastes in music, aesthetics, and fashion. Gothic music encompasses a number of different styles including Gothic rock, Darkwave, Ethereal, Neo-Medieval and Neoclassical. Styles of dress within the subculture range from deathrock, punk, androgynous, Victorian, some Renaissance and Medieval style attire, or combinations of the above, most often with dark attire, makeup and hair

Goths are free thinkers, people who do not accept the moral rules of society because they’re told ‘This is just how it is’ or ‘This is what God says!’. Rather goths tend to listen to what you have to say, and make up their own mind. This kind of free thinking and rejection of dogma earns only rejection in todays society.